Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Derivative Instruments

v3.20.2
Derivative Instruments
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2020
Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities Disclosure [Abstract]  
Derivative Instruments
Derivative Instruments
 
Commodity derivatives. The Company enters into various derivative instruments primarily to mitigate a portion of the exposure to potentially adverse market changes in oil and natural gas commodity prices and the associated impact on cash flows. All contracts are entered into for other-than-trading purposes. Oil and natural gas commodity derivative instruments are recorded on the condensed consolidated balance sheets at fair value as either an asset or a liability with changes in fair value recognized in earnings. While commodity derivative instruments are utilized to manage the price risk attributable to expected oil and natural gas production, the Company’s commodity derivative instruments are not designated as accounting hedges under the accounting guidance. The related cash flow impact of the commodity derivative activities is reflected as cash flows from operating activities unless they are determined to have a significant financing element at inception, in which case they are classified within financing activities.

Interest rate swaps - The Company utilizes interest rate swaps to reduce its exposure to adverse fluctuations in London Interbank Offered (“LIBO”) rates on a portion of its revolving credit facility outstanding borrowings. The realized and unrealized gains and losses on the interest rate swaps are recognized in “Interest expense”, net. Entering into interest rate swaps allows the Company to mitigate, but not eliminate, the negative effects of increases in the LIBO rate, but reduces the Company’s ability to benefit from any decreases in the LIBO rate.

Series B Preferred Stock bifurcated derivative. In the event of a change of control, the Company shall redeem in cash all of the outstanding shares of Series B Preferred Stock out of funds legally available therefor, excluding Series B PIK Shares, each as defined in Note 14 - 10% Series B Redeemable Preferred Stock, for a price per share equal to the Base Return Amount as defined in Note 14 - 10% Series B Redeemable Preferred Stock. The Company assessed the change of control feature and determined that the redemption of the outstanding shares of Series B Preferred Stock, excluding Series B PIK Shares, for a price per share equal to the Base Return Amount was a bifurcated derivative. See Note 14 - 10% Series B Redeemable Preferred Stock for defined terms and more detail. Because the Company recorded the Series B Preferred Stock at its current redemption value as of March 31, 2020, there was no value attributed to the bifurcated embedded derivative.

The following tables summarize the location and fair value amounts of all the Company’s derivative instruments in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, as well as the gross recognized derivative assets, liabilities and offset amounts in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets:
 
 
March 31, 2020
 
 
Gross Fair Value
 
Gross Amounts Offset (1)
 
Net Recognized Fair Value
 
 
(In thousands)
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
     Commodity derivatives - current
 
$
165,409

 
$
(85,502
)
 
$
79,907

     Commodity derivatives - non-current
 
154,738

 
(93,954
)
 
60,784

Total assets
 
$
320,147

 
$
(179,456
)
 
$
140,691

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
     Commodity derivatives - current
 
$
(85,502
)
 
$
85,502

 
$

     Commodity derivatives - non-current
 
(93,954
)
 
93,954

 

     Interest rate derivatives - current
 
(2,122
)
 

 
(2,122
)
Interest rate derivatives - non-current
 
(3,041
)
 

 
(3,041
)
Total liabilities
 
$
(184,619
)
 
$
179,456

 
$
(5,163
)
(1)
The Company has agreements in place with all of its counterparties that allow for the financial right of offset for derivative assets and liabilities.

 
 
December 31, 2019
 
 
Gross Fair Value
 
Gross Amounts Offset (1)
 
Net Recognized Fair Value
 
 
(In thousands)
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
     Commodity derivatives - current
 
$
28,512

 
$
(18,172
)
 
$
10,340

     Commodity derivatives - non-current
 
61,241

 
(28,136
)
 
33,105

     Interest rate derivatives - current
 
10

 
(10
)
 

Total assets
 
$
89,763

 
$
(46,318
)
 
$
43,445

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
     Commodity derivatives - current
 
$
(22,014
)
 
$
18,172

 
$
(3,842
)
     Commodity derivatives - non-current
 
(28,528
)
 
28,136

 
(392
)
     Interest rate derivatives - current
 
(184
)
 
10

 
(174
)
Interest rate derivatives - non-current
 
(492
)
 

 
(492
)
Series B Preferred Stock bifurcated derivative - non-current
 
(416
)
 

 
(416
)
Total liabilities
 
$
(51,634
)
 
$
46,318

 
$
(5,316
)
(1)
The Company has agreements in place with all of its counterparties that allow for the financial right of offset for derivative assets and liabilities.

As of March 31, 2020, the open derivative positions with respect to future production and interest rates were as follows:
 
 
2020
 
2021
 
2022
Commodity derivative swaps
Oil:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Notional volume (Bbls) (1)(2)
760,000

 

 

 
Weighted average fixed price ($/Bbl)
$
67.46

 
$

 
$

Natural gas:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Notional volume (MMBtu)
1,595,368

 
1,615,792

 
1,276,142

 
Weighted average fixed price ($/MMbtu)
$
2.73

 
$
2.79

 
$
2.85

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commodity derivative three-way collars
Oil:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Notional volume (Bbls)
2,475,000

 
4,200,000

 
2,000,000

 
Weighted average ceiling price ($/Bbl)
$
70.29

 
$
60.40

 
$
61.45

 
Weighted average floor price ($/Bbl)
$
57.50

 
$
54.49

 
$
55.00

 
Weighted average sold put option price ($/Bbl)
$
47.50

 
$
45.51

 
$
45.00

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Crude oil basis swaps
Midland / Cushing:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Notional volume (Bbls)
3,905,000

 
4,200,000

 
2,100,000

 
Weighted average fixed price ($/Bbl)
$
(0.85
)
 
$
0.49

 
$
0.54

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Argus WTI roll:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Notional volume (Bbls)
370,650

 

 

 
Weighted average fixed price ($/Bbl)
$
0.40

 
$

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NYMEX WTI roll:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Notional volume (Bbls)
2,102,752

 

 

 
Weighted average fixed price ($/Bbl)
$
0.42

 
$

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Natural gas basis swaps
EP Permian:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Notional volume (MMBtu)
1,617,388

 

 

 
Weighted average fixed price ($/MMBtu)
$
(1.03
)
 
$

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate swaps:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Notional principal (3)
$
150,000,000

 
$
150,000,000

 
$

 
Average fixed rate
1.721
%
 
1.721
%
 


(1)
During the second quarter of 2019, the Company entered into commodity derivative swaps where it bought 2,160,000 barrels of crude oil at a weighted average fixed price of $50.48 per barrel to offset commodity derivative swaps for the year ended December 31, 2021, it previously sold off 2,160,000 barrels of crude oil at a weighted average fixed price of $61.21 per barrel.
(2)
During the second quarter of 2019, the Company entered into commodity derivative swaps where it bought 1,100,000 barrels of crude oil at a weighted average fixed price of $50.55 per barrel to offset commodity derivative swaps for the year ended December 31, 2022, it previously sold off 1,100,000 barrels of crude oil at a weighted average fixed price of $58.42 per barrel.
(3)
Interest rate swaps expire in August 2022.

The effect of the derivative activity on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the following periods was as follows:
 
Three Months
 
Ended March 31,
 
2020
 
2019
 
(In thousands)
Realized gain (loss) on derivatives
 

 
 

Commodity derivative options
$
2,033

 
$
1,500

Commodity derivative swaps
6,474

 
(2,523
)
Interest rate swaps
(14
)
 

Total realized gain (loss) on derivatives
$
8,493

 
$
(1,023
)
 
 
 
 
Unrealized gain (loss) on derivatives
 

 
 

Commodity derivative options
$
52,842

 
$
(25,566
)
Commodity derivative swaps
48,771

 
(77,982
)
Interest rate swaps
(4,497
)
 

Series B Preferred Stock bifurcated derivative
416

 
81

Total unrealized gain (loss) on derivatives
$
97,532

 
$
(103,467
)

 
The gains and losses resulting from the cash settlement and mark-to-market of the commodity derivatives are included within “Gain (loss) on commodity derivative instruments, net” in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. The gains and losses resulting from mark-to-market of the Series B Preferred Stock bifurcated derivative are included within “Other income (expense), net” in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. The gains and losses resulting from the cash settlement and mark-to-market of the interest rate swaps are included within “Interest expense, net” in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. The Company’s Proposed Plan of Reorganization as discussed in Note 20 - Subsequent Events, anticipates that the Company will unwind its derivative instruments to pay down on its Amended and Restated Credit Agreement.